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Monkeypox (New disease just started killing in Ghana now


A rare condition known as monkeypox is brought on by infection with the monkeypox virus. The smallpox virus and the monkeypox virus both belong to the same virus family. Monkey pox, however, is not as contagious as smallpox. Additionally, the illness has lesser symptoms and is typically not fatal.

The majority of those who contracted monkeypox in the past either resided in specific regions of central or western Africa, had visited there, or had been exposed to diseased animals imported from such regions. The disease has been identified in residents of several nations, including the United States, during the 2022 outbreak.

How is monkeypox transmitted?

There are several ways that monkeypox spreads:

When you are in close proximity to a virus-carrying person:

by coming into direct contact with their body fluids, scabs, or rashes

By inhaling the virus when in close proximity to another person for an extended period of time or while engaging in sexual activity such as kissing, snuggling, or intercourse.

through coming into contact with clothing, bedding, or towels that have been used by a person who has the virus

From the pregnant mother to the unborn child during pregnancy From diseased animals:

by being bit or scratched by the animal

by preparing, consuming, or utilizing animal-derived goods.

Monkeypox is contagious from the moment symptoms appear until the rash is completely cured. It can take a few weeks. Monkeypox cannot be transmitted by people who don't have any symptoms. Whether monkeypox can transmit by semen or vaginal fluids is unknown at this time.

What signs and symptoms manifest in monkeypox?

Monkeypox symptoms can include:



Back pain and muscle discomfort.

enlarged lymph nodes ("swollen glands").



a skin condition marked by lesions that can resemble pimples or blisters. It may occur on the face, inside the mouth, as well as on the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or anus, among other body areas. Prior to fully recovering, it goes through many stages. It can take a few weeks.

Sometimes the rash appears first, then the accompanying symptoms. Others might merely develop a rash.

How is the monkey pox identified?

Your provider can determine whether you have monkeypox by:

will inquire about your medical history and symptoms.

I'll examine your rash.

will collect tissue from one of the sores for testing for the monkeypox virus.

Blood tests may be performed to check for the monkeypox virus or antibodies to the virus. Your immune system produces antibodies, which are proteins, to fight foreign invaders like viruses and bacteria.

What cures are available for monkeypox?

Monkeypox has no specific therapies, yet many people recover on their own.

Due to the similarity between monkeypox and smallpox, antiviral medications and smallpox immunizations may also be used to treat and prevent monkeypox. Patients with compromised immune systems and those who are more likely to develop severe illness may be advised to take antiviral medications.

Can the monkey pox be avoided?

You can take the following actions to help avoid monkeypox:

Keep your distance from somebody who has the monkeypox rash. Therefore, avoid touching a person who has monkey pox while they are contagious.

Avoid giving them any kisses, hugs, cuddles, or intercourse.

Never share drinks or dining utensils with them.

Do not contact a person with monkeypox's bedding, towels, or clothing.

Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or often wash your hands with soap and water, especially after coming into contact with sick persons.

Avoid interacting with rodents and primates in Central and West Africa as they can carry the monkeypox virus. Avoid touching any bedding or other items that ill or dead animals have touched, in addition to them.

You should stay home and rest if you have monkeypox. When feasible, try to keep your family and pets in a different room if you have an active rash or other symptoms.

Two vaccinations against monkeypox are available in the US thanks to the US government. Smallpox was the original indication for one, whereas monkeypox was the initial indication for the other. Currently, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) do not advise the broad administration of the monkeypox vaccine. Nevertheless, vaccination may be advised for those who:

close intimate encounters with those who have the monkey pox

maybe came into contact with the virus

may be at a higher risk of contracting the virus, such as those who conduct laboratory tests to identify monkeypox


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